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In the opinion of some users on Wikipedia.org, a lockdown is a requirement for people to stay where they are, usually due to specific risks to themselves or others if they can move freely. The terms, “stay-at-home” or “shelter-in-place”, are often used for lockdowns that affect an area rather than specific locations. Following the Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, the Coronavirus is a family (Coronaviridae) of large single-stranded RNA viruses that have a lipid envelope studded with club-shaped spike proteins, which infects birds and many mammals, including humans, (as they are zoonotic) which leads to an upper respiratory infection, while a Pandemic is an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area (such as multiple countries or continents) and typically affects a significant proportion of the population.
Most developed economies, for example, Norway, Switzerland and the likes engaged in a total lockdown during the Covid-19 pandemic, and it turned out successful. How a country (underdeveloped/developing or developed) carries out this decision of a lockdown depends strongly upon the availability of adequate resources that can not only cater for the people but the country and its economy as a whole.
Nigeria, as a case study, is currently battling with heavy economic costs-including the hardship on citizens who depend on daily earnings-as a result of, possibly, inadequate preparation and planning. Prices have started to rise in the economy with an economic problem that might arise from the aftermath of the lockdown. Either way, most countries still engage in this lockdown as their only hope of reducing the ‘come what may‘ of the pandemic.
The World Health Organisation advises countries from all over a need to plan one step ahead of the epidemic curve; Nigeria is not an exception as it records a mortality rate of 22.1%. There is, therefore, a need to ace up their game in combating the pandemic at all costs. The COVID-19 is currently beyond all forms of medical practitioners, antiviral treatments and hospitals, as not a day passes without there being avail in finding the cure, except valuable sources that provide instances with herbal drugs, hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin, zinc sulphate, vitamin C and antioxidants like black cumin seed.
Despite all the above mentioned, COVID-19, though one of the worst infectious diseases to afflict humanity in recent decades even with the lockdowns to help slow its spread which has had profoundly negative effects on the world’s economy and the people’s way of life, has some side-effects of its lockdown that were and are unexpectedly positive for countries and people but surprisingly, the investors.
Ranging from the increased demand for technology that has proposed an offer of producing syndicates, to the recent development rendering big deal businesses to virtual communities using telecommunications, the environments are doing much better as there is a decrease in the level of environmental pollution from vehicles and industries. One thing I am most sure of is the undeniable time spent with loved ones which took a better turn throughout this period. We are typically eating healthy wholesome meals, working and thinking smarter, and most importantly, discovering new things about ourselves we never even knew existed.
But the real question remains: “Could there have been a better way to solve the problems of the COVID-19 without the need for a lockdown?”
There is a saying in my family that goes thus: “for one to impose orders or act like a boss, one must ensure that all necessaries of the people ordered are sorted out”.
If I was in any position to have done something or acted differently, I assent that the lockdown process is the safest and most effective way to reduce and slow the spread of COVID-19, not unless the needs of people (imposed on the lockdown) are provided to enable them to survive.
As stated by Forbes.com, with cutting-edge research in science, the most reasonable and accurate methods of subduing the pandemic with a 100% compliance are by:
- Remaining at home (if the businesses people engage in aren’t quintessential or pivotal);
- Ensuring proper sanitation, social distance and short travels;
- Hand sanitising whenever there is contact with any surface that may have been touched by other persons.
Checkmating the statements of Forbes.com, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention encouraged the limitation of close face-to-face contact with others, quarantine and isolation; these would save lives and protect people.
A lockdown on a developing country, like Nigeria-though still minor, reduced drastically the influx of importation and brought about, rather, an economy driving towards independence.